In one of my previous posts I mentioned the growing popularity of dystopia genre books. I also described one book that helped shape this genre as we know it nowadays. Today I would like to tell you about another famous dystopian book of 20th century “Brave New World” written by Aldous Huxley.
The book describes a technically developed society. However, from the beginning, the author makes it clear that it is far from perfect. People who live there no longer have families or relationships. The population of the planet is strictly controlled by the World’s government, and people are produced artificially in labs. The scientists found different ways of modifying the embryo development and growth, and they can genetically improve or limit physical and mental capabilities if needed. Thus, the society is divided into groups depending on the method being used. The most prestigious and elite cluster is Alphas, and the others consist of Betas, Gammas, and Deltas, respectively. One of the main characters Bernard is Alpha; however, his physical complexion is very different from the rest of his group. He is weaker and smaller than others. That’s why he has a lot of inferiority complexes and is very self-conscious. During one of his vacations, he and his girlfriend travel to an Indian reservation. People who live there refuse to follow the rules of the new society and continue living under the old standards. They hunt, grow food for themselves, and make families. At the reservation, the main character finds a young man, John, who knows how to read and speak English. Bernard brings him back to the society. John has high hopes for a new society, but they are ruined very quickly. He sees that modern people no longer understand the importance of love and families. John or savage (his nickname) is disappointed in everything around him. He refuses to accept new norms and attempts to resist the rules. However, numerous tries, he gives up and kills himself.
All in all, I want to say that this book is a perfect example of the dystopian literature where the author shows how people’s views and moral basics change over time. He does a great job by showing the clash of the new society and old ethical views represented by John. Overall, the book made a great impression on me and left me with controversial thoughts about who is right – the savage or a new society.